Jabrayil Region


The region of Jabrayil is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. In the south and the south-eastern part, it neighbors with the Islamic Republic of Iran. Its area is 1050 km2; the population is 72,700 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Jabrayil. The region's territory has been under the Armenian occupation since August 23, 1993.
The region covers the following districts and villages.- city of Jabrayil; districts of Gumlag, Khalafli; Khudaferin, Mahmudlu and villages of Yarahmadli; Khudaverdili; Gurbantepe; Shahveledli; Khubyarly; Imambaghi; Horovlu; Chapand; Safarsha; Chereken; Papy; Efendiler; Balyand; Garajally; Doshulu; Suleymanly; Dashkesen; Ghyshlag; Guychag; Sheybey; Nuzgar; Shahvelli; Niyazgullar; Tinli; Govshudlu; Haji Isagly; Goshabulag; Shukurbayli; Shykhalyagaly; Fuganly; Dejel; Amirvarly; Sarychally; Mazra; Yukhary Mazra; Soltanly; Kechal Mammadli; Yanarkhach; Alykeykhaly; Mashanly; Hasanly; Mehdili; Chakhyrly; Minbashyly; Sadi; Agtepe; Kavdar; Mirek; Huseynalylar; Hajyly; Tulus; Dag Tumas; Garagach; Sofulu; Chelebiler; Dag Mashanly; Gazanzemi; Soyudlu; Ashaghy Maralyan; Yukhary Maralyan; Karkhulu; Jafarabad; Isagly; Galachyg; Hovuslu; Sirik; Ashaghy Sirik; Shykhlar; Mollahasanli; Asgarkhanly; Khalafli; Garer; Kudlar; Nusus; Tatar; Gumlag; Mastalybayli; Goyarchin; Veysalli; Boyuk Marjanly; Yukhary Marjanly, Khanagabulag; Chullu; Derzili; Dash Veysalli; Yukhary Nusus; Ashyq Melikli; Niftalylar; Gushchular; Hasangaydy; Mahmudlu; Chochug Marjanly.
The region's landscape is mainly plain with slopes (Injachol; Gayan cholu). It is low mountainous in the north (such as south-eastern lowlands of the Karabakh Chain).
Before the occupation, viticulture, livestock sector and cereals cultivation played a main role in the economy of the region. The following educational and social institutions were active before the invasion: 72 secondary schools; 40 clubs; 78 libraries; 8 hospitals; 11 medical treatment and 52 maternity institutions.
Prior to the occupation, many historical and archaeological monuments as well as masterpieces of architecture (such as ancient living mansions; burial mounds; mosques; hammams; round and octahedral turbehs, the Khudaferin bridge etc) existed in the territory of region.


Bashikesik Dome (Tomb)


The dome built in the 13th-14th centuries located in Daghtumas village of Jabrayil region was named “Bashikesik dome” (Headless dome) due to its open ceiling. The monument is 12 meters in height and 5 meters in diameter. The dome was reconstructed before the invasion. Some parts of the dome walls were destroyed by the Armenian Armed Forces.


History and Ethnography Museum of Jabrayil Region


History and Ethnography Museum of Jabrayil region was established on December 8, 1980. Nearly 19 thousand exhibits related to Jabrayil Region were collected in the museum.
During the attacks of the Armenian Armed Forces to Jabrayil Region in 1993, nearly 16 thousand museum pieces were salvaged. A number of immovable museum pieces, in total, over 2 thousand exhibits were destroyed by the Armenian invaders.


Jamil Ahmedov’s Memorial Museum


The memorial museum of the Hero of the Soviet Union Jamil Ahmedov born in Jabrayil village of the Jabrayil region was established in 1985, as a branch of the History and Ethnography Museum of Jabrayil region.
The memorial museum was constructed in the courtyard of the secondary school named after Jamil Ahmedov by the resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers. The museum covering a total area of 100 square meters was consisted of three rooms. Jamil Ahmedov’s bust was put up by the well-known sculptor Omar Eldarov.
At the beginning the museum contained about 500 exhibits, and then the number of exhibits increased to 800.
A very small number of museum pieces were handed over to the museum center in Baku a while before the occupation of the Jabrayil region by the Armed Forces of Armenia in 1993. At the present time those exhibits are kept in the Independence Museum of Azerbaijan.
Jamil Ahmedov is the People’s Writer Sabir Ahmedli’s brother.


Khudafarin bridges


Though many bridges were built across Araz river for centuries, only two of them in the Jabrayil region have survived. 750 meters away from each other, they are located in one of the Araz’s best fords, the Khudafarin Gorge. In fact, there are large rocky massifs in the expanding bed. Those rocks made a reliable fundament for the bridge beams.
The 15-arched long bridge built of bricks and river stones are pointed. The total length is nearly 200 meters, the width is 4.5 meters, the maximum height over the river surface is 12 meters, the longest beam pass is 8.70 meters, and the shortest beam pass is 5.80 meters. All the beams are of bricks, while the main part of the bridge was constructed from river stones.
The other, 11-arched Khudafarin Bridge, located upriver, was entirely stone-built and covered with good-hewn stone plates.
Researches suppose it was rebuilt in the 13th century on ruins of an antique one. The total length is 130 meters, the width is 6 meters, and the maximum height over the river surface is 12 meters. As only three, middle spans of the bridge have survived, it is popularly called “Sinig Korpu” (Broken Bridge).
Khudafarin Bridges are universally valuable sites due to regarding the world-important historical events, matching the beautiful landscape, high level of engineering performance, etc.
Parts of transcontinental roads including the Great Silk Road, the bridges were useful not only for domestic and international relations, but also for those between continents.
After the occupation of Jabrayil region by the Armenian Armed Forces in 1993, the Khudafarin Bridges remained in captivity as well.


Mosque-madrasa in Chelebiler village


The mosque-madrasa attributed to the 16th century and located in Chelebiler village of Jabrayil region was built by Mahammad Ibn Haji Garaman in Hegira 1088, AD 1678. Religious and secular sciences were taught at the madrasa by the scientists and scholars. Famous Azerbaijani poet of the 18th century Molla Veli Vidadi also taught there. The pupils had their classes in special rooms – cells in the mosque. The mosque - madrasa complex had been fully restored before the occupation of the Jabrayil region by the Armenian Armed Forces in 1993.
At the present time the mosque-madrasa is completely destroyed.


Shikhlar Tomb (Round tomb)


Shikhlar tomb built in the 14th century in the vicinity of Shikhlar village of Jabrayil region is 8 meters high, 6 meters in diameter. The upper part of the dome of Shikhlar tomb was destroyed during the invasion carried out by the Armenian Armed Forces.


Tombs in Khubyarly Village


A remarkable piece of the medieval architecture - “Dairevi” (Round ) tomb built in the 15th century, located in Khubyarly village in the north of Jabrayil city and octagonal tomb built in the 16th century were fully restored by the special maintenance crew before the occupation of the Jabrayil region. According to the information received those monuments were also razed to the ground by the Armenian invaders.


Immovable historical and cultural monuments of state importance

ARCHAEOLOGICAL MONUMENTS

Name of the monument

Construction date

Location

Aghoghlan necropolis

The Early Middle Ages

Jabrayil district

Karkhulu barrows and settlement

The Bronze Age

Karkhulu village

Changulu barrow

The Bronze Age

To the north-west from Mahmudlu village

Gushtapa barrow

The Bronze Age

To the north-west from Mahmudlu village

Imangazan hills

The Bronze Age

Shikhlar village

Shikhlar cave

The Stone Age

Shikhlar village

Shikhli barrows

Late Bronze Age

Shikhli village

Imamgazantapa barrow

The Bronze Age

Shikhli village

Galadag rock and settlement

The Early Middle Ages

Galachig village

Maschidtapa barrow

The Bronze Age

Galachig village

Wintering barrows and settlement

The Bronze Age

Gishlag village

Hovuzlu barrows

Late Bronze and Early Iron Age

Hovuzlu village

Chinlitapa living place

Early Iron Age

Horovlu village

Toraghaytapa living place

Early Bronze Age

Shukurbayli village

Divlar palace

The Stone Age

Chalabilar village


Immovable historical and cultural monuments of local importance

ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS

Name of the monument

Construction date

Location

Bath of Sultan Allahverdi

XIX c.

Jabrayil city

Round mausoleum

XVII c.

Khubyarli village

Eight-pointed mausoleum

XVII c.

Khubyarli village

Round mausoleum

XIV c.

Shikhlar village

Tower of fortress

 

Sirik village

Maiden tower

XII c.

Diridagh mountain

Mausoleum

XIII-XIV cc.

Daghtumas village

Mosque

 

Chalabilar village

Mosque

XIX c.

Papi village

Mosque

 

Dashkasan village

Mosque

XIX c.

Mazra village

Mosque

XIX c.

Suleymanli village


ARCHAEOLOGICAL MONUMENTS

Name of the monument

Construction date

Location

Old cemetery

Middle Ages

In the north-east of Jabrayil city

Old cemetery

XVII-XVIII cc.

Karkhulu village

Old cemetery

Middle Ages

Sirik village

Old cemetery

Middle Ages

Diridagh mountain

Cave

Middle Ages

Dagh Tumas village

Old cemetery

Middle Ages

Shikhlar village

Ruins of Shaherjik village

Middle Ages

Shikhlar village

Duluzkhana settlement

Middle Ages

Shikhlar village

Hasanli settlement

Middle Ages

Hasanli plain

Gala settlement

Middle Ages

Sirik village


GARDEN-PARKS, MONUMENTAL AND MEMORIAL MONUMENTS

Name of the monument

Construction date

Location

House-museum and monument of J. Ahmadov

1985

Jabrayil city, Istiglaliyyat St.

Memorial monument to our citizens, who died during World War II

1975

Jabrayil city, near “Gartal” pavilion


SAMPLE OF DECORATIVE-APPLIED ARTS (monuments of people art of stone-monuments)

Name of the monument

Construction date

Location

Stone ram figures and plot

Middle Ages

In front of historical-regional museum