Khojaly Region


The region of Khojaly is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is located on the north - eastern slope of the Karabakh Chain of Minor Caucasus. Its area is 940 km2; the population is 26,500 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Khojaly. The region's territory has been under occupation of the Armenian armed forces since February 26, 1992.
The region covers the following districts and villages: city of Khojaly; district of Askeran and villages of Jamilli; Meshali; Dagyurd; Sayidbayli; Ballyja; Khanbaghi; Mehdibayli; Harov, Dagdagan; Dashbulag; Gahabashi, Badara; Khanezek; Sunjinka; Garabulag; Demirchiler; Madadkend; Gushchubaba; Gyzyloba; Hachmach; Ashaghi Yemishjan; Kosalar; Bashkend; Javadlar; Yaloba; Janhasan; Nakhchivanly; Pirjamal; Aranzamin; Agbulag; Dahraz; Tazabina; Sardarkend; Gyshlag; Khanabad; Aggadik; Gylychbag; Almaly; Garakotuk; Pirlar; Farrukh; Dashbashi; Chanagchy; Signag; Shushakend; Dashkend.
The following educational and social institutions were active before the occupation: 11 secondary schools 1 pre-school educational institution; children creativity center; 3 musical schools; Museum of Local History and Geography; 20 clubs, 29 libraries; central regional hospital; 13 medical assistance points and 4 outpatient treatment stations.
Following historic monuments existed in the territory of Khojaly region before the occupation: Askeran Fortress of XVIII century; ancient monuments of architecture; octahedral domes and turbehs related to XIII-XIV centuries; the compound of Khojaly monuments related mainly to late Bronze Age and early Iron Age (from XIV-XIII centuries B.C. till VII-VI centuries A.D.). These monuments are consisted of the following: 11 giant burial mounds in 5 different names; stone burial mounds; stone-land burial mounds; random bond buildings (called. in Azerbaijani as Galachalar); necropolises; menhirs (large upright standing stones weighing 5 -10 tons); stone sarcophaguses; stone tombstones and stone boxes.


Asgaran castle


Located near Asgaran settlement of Khojaly region, 24 km from Shusha, Asgaran castle has a two-part structure harmonizing with the mountainous relief and the broad Gargar River’s bed.
Historian Mir Mehdi Khazani in his book “History of Garabakh” stated that raised by Ibrahim khan in 1787, this castle housed the infantry that had been called up to guard the capital of the khanate, Shusha city, against the attacks by the enemies from the East.
Due to its structure, Asgaran castle rather resembles a defensive barrier. It can be considered the last example of the century-old tradition of the Azerbaijan defensive barriers. Locating at the place with beautiful and unique landscape and integrating the heavy and entire volumes with the neighboring nature give an extremely magnificent appearance to the architecture of Asgaran castle.


Khojaly Tomb


One of the monuments erected in the 14th century is Khojaly tomb built of the hewn white stones in Khojaly mound. Twelve angled structure of the monument and projecting entrance door with simple stone-carved ornaments significantly differ the Khojaly tomb from the other monuments of that period. As the stone coating of the Khojaly tomb peeled off, the monument had an unusual appearance.


Immovable historical and cultural monuments of state importance

ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS

Name of the monument

Construction date

Location

Mausoleum

XIV c.

Khojaly town

Albanian temple

1100

Chanakhchi village

Albanian temple

1065

Chanakhchi village

Albanian temple

905

Shushakand village

Albanian temple

1122

Khanyeri village

Albanian temple

1100

Khachmach village

Albanian temple

1202

Armudlu village

Fortress

X c.

Mashkhmaat village

Fortress of Girkhlar

Middle Ages

Badara village

Temple complex

VII c.

Badara village

Fortress

 

Dashbashi village

Asgaran fortress

XVIII c.

Asgaran settlement

Aslan fortress

IX c.

Anabert village

Church

XIII c.

Khanabad village


ARCHAELOGICAL MONUMENTS

Name of the monument

Construction date

Location

Stone box necropolis

The Bronze Age

Khojaly town, on the Askaran mountain

Necropolis

Early and Middle Bronze Age

To the south from Khankandi

Necropolis of vessel graves

Early Middle Ages

On the territory of Khankandi brick factory

Barrow

The Iron Age

Near Khankandi

Khankandi barrows

The Bronze Age

In the north of Khankandi

Khachinchay barrows

Early and Middle Bronze Age

To the north-east from Seyidshan village

Necropolis of vessel graves

The Bronze Age

Armudlu meadow

Barrow

The Bronze Age

Armudlu meadow

Stone box necropolis

The Iron Age

Armudlu meadow

Old cemetery

The Bronze Age

Chanagchi village

Stone box necropolis

The Iron Age

Daghyurd village

Stone box necropolis

The Iron Age

Daghyurd village, on a slope of a mountain