Zangilan Region


The region of Zangilan is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is located in the south-eastern part of the Minor Caucasus on the left bank of the Araxes. It neighbors with the Republic of Armenia in the west and the north-west and with the Islamic Republic of Iran in the south. Its area is 710 km2 ; the population is 40,500 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Zangilan. The region has been under the Armenian occupation since October 29, 1993.
The region covers the following districts and villages: city of Zangilan; the districts of Uzumchuler, Beshdeli, Genlik, Kechikli, Malatkeshin, Saryghyshlag, Minjivan and villages of Birinchi Agaly; Ikinchi Agaly, Uchunchu Agaly; Birinchi Alybayli; Khumarly; Saryl; Ikinchi Alybayli; Zanghilan kend; Icheri Mushlan; Ghyrat Mushlan; Malikli; Udgun; Hajally; Hekeri station; Khurama; Muganly; Sherifan; Isghenderbayli; Agakishiler; Agbis; Bartaz; Bartaz station; Gargulu; Mammadbayli; Babayly; Jahanghirbayli; Tatar; Tiri; Turabad; Valigulubayli; Ordekli; Garadere; Garagoz; Rezdere; Kollughyshlag; Shataryz; Shayifli; Ashaghy Gheyeli; Garagol; Najaflar; Tagly; Yusifler; Janbar; Agkend; Dereli; Gunghyshlag; Gazanchy; Pirveys; Yukhary Cheyeli; Chopedere; Baharly; Dellekli; Sobu; Boyuk Ghiletag; Aladin; Dere Ghiletag; Mirhasanli; Muganly; Shamly; Venetli; Sherikan; Burunlu; Seyidler; Shafibayli; Meshediismayilly; Vejneli; Agbend; Amirkhanly; Orta Yemezli; Ashaghy Yemezli; Yukhary Yemezli; Guyu Dere Kheshtab; Sarally Kheshtab; Zerneli; Havaly; Yenikend; Rebend.
The following educational and social institutions were active before the occupation: 66 secondary schools; 4 sever-year musical schools; the Museum of Local History and Geography; the Museum of Stone Monuments and the Museum of the Friendship of Peoples; 1 central library; 1 children library; 65 village libraries; the central regional hospital; 4 village hospitals; 46 maternity services centers; 6 out-patient medical treatment institutions; Minjivan railway hospital and others. There were also the mirodor (XIV century), the turbeh (1304 1305) and the tombs (XII - XIV centuries) etc.


“Imam Huseyn” Mosque


“Imam Huseyn” Mosque situated in Zangilan city is attributed to the 17th-18th centuries. The mosque is supposed to be built in the period of the Safavids. Its area dimensions were 12x20 meters. There were a sanctuary and a niche inside the mosque. Mainly the local limestone was used in construction. The walls are not covered. The vaulted door of the mosque was opened to the east and bore an inscription.
“Imam Huseyn” Mosque was demolished by the Armenian vandals.


Mammadbeyli Tomb


The tomb located in Mammadbeyli village of Zangilan consists of the octagonal prism covered with pyramidal dome. The door of the tomb is 1.8 meters in height. There is an underground vault there. Mammadbeyli tomb resembles the tower shaped tombs of Azerbaijan. The floor is covered with well-polished stones. There is an inscription on the entrance door of the tomb. The inscription bears verses from the Koran in four lines. The two lines make clear that the tomb was built in honour of Mahammad al-Haj’s son Yahya in Hegira 704, AD 1305.
The architect and bricklayer of the tomb is Ali Majdaddin.
As Zangilan region was occupied by Armenians, the current state of the tomb is unknown.


Sharifan Tomb


The remnants of the lower part or, rather, the vault of an ancient tomb were discovered on the right bank of the river Hekeri in Sharifan village of Zangilan region. The vault with projections is square-shaped (5.4x5.4m). The vault has a shallow rectangular sanctuary (mehrab) niche in the south wall. Its upper part is decorated with stalactites and its sides – with delicate pillars.
The projections of the vault were covered with arches and central part – with a spherical dome. Facing the walls and arches with good-hewn and polished stone, carving the decorative strip on the sanctuary niche and the archivolt of the arch, etc. give grounds to tell that this vault was formerly a part of the highly artistic tower-shaped tomb. The Sharifan Tomb is considered to be a monument built at the turn of the 13th-14th centuries.


Immovable historical and cultural monuments of state importance

ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS

Name of the monument

Construction date

Location

Round tower

 

Hajialilar village

Eight-pointed mausoleum

1304-1305

Mammadbayli village

Maiden fortress

XII c.

Amirkhanli village

Mausoleum

XIV c.

Yenikand village

Mausoleum

XIII c.

Sharafan village


Immovable historical and cultural monuments of local importance

ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS

Name of the monument

Construction date

Location

Mosque

XIX c.

Zangilan village

Mosque

XIX c.

Malatkeshin village

Mosque

XIX c.

Girag Mushlan village

Bridge

XIX c.

Hajialilar village

Round tower

XIII-XIV cc.

Hajialilar village

Mosque

XIX c.

Mushlan village


ARCHAEOLOGICAL MONUMENTS

Name of the monument

Construction date

Location

Shahri Sharafan settlement

XIII-XIV cc.

Sharifan village

Agja Ashig settlement

Middle Ages

Havali village

Giz tower

Middle Ages

Havali village

Gasr tower

Middle Ages

Where the Okhchuchay river merges with Araz